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Institute of Laparoscopic Surgery

Leparoscopic Surgery Training

Treatment of Thyroid Diseases

-  Dietary changes - to take iodized salt and avoid vegetables like cabbage

 

-  Medications

  • Hypothyroidism - Replacement of deficient thyroid hormone by synthetic analogues.
  • Hyperthyroidism – medications to control symptoms + drugs to decrease hormone production
  • Radioactive iodine – in hyperfunctioning gland (Grave’s Disease) or a toxic nodule, especially if patient unfit for surgery.

-  Surgery

  • Endoscopic removal of thyroid entails making access incisions below the patients’ clothes neckline for improved cosmesis which is the prime reason for which is performed.  A working space is created using a saline filled balloon in the plain of the thyroid gland
  • The surgery performed with laparoscopic instruments is like standard open procedure except that in the end the patient has no visible scar in the neck.