Surgery is the only cure for treatment of hernias. Without treatment, most hernias increase in size.
An untreated hernia may also result in obstruction (intestinal blockage) and "strangulation," which requires immediate medical attention. Strangulation occurs when the blood supply to the herniated bowel is cut off or greatly reduced, causing the bowel tissue to die or rupture.
When compared to large hernias, the surgical results with smaller hernias are much more satisfying.
Types of Hernia Surgery
There are two ways of treating hernias:
- Laparoscopic surgery (Minimal Access/ Minimally Invasive/ Endoscopic Surgery)
- Conventional (Open) Surgery
Hernia before repair Hernia after mesh repair
In Laparoscopic Hernia repair, three (5-10mm) incisions are made and cannulas placed in them. A laparoscope is inserted through a cannula, allowing the surgeon to view the hernia and surrounding area on a video screen. Other cannulas are inserted which allow the surgeon to work inside. A special piece of surgical mesh is fixed over the hernia defect and held in place with small surgical staples.
Why laparoscopic surgery over Open surgery?
Laparoscopic repair is much less painful as compared to the Traditional (Open) repair and the patients are mobile within few hours after the surgery. The cosmetic results are excellent too.