Surgical removal of adrenal glands is referred to as adrenalectomy
Located above the kidney, adrenal glands are endocrine glands that produce hormones in response to stress (epinephrine and norepinephrine/adrenaline). They also affect kidney function by secreting aldosterone and cortisone, hormones essential to balancing body fluids and electrolytes.
Tumors in the adrenal glands lead to overproduction of hormones. The gland has two regions – the cortex and the medulla. A tumor in the medulla leads to overproduction of adrenaline which can cause extreme variations in blood pressure and heart rate and can be life threatening. A tumor in the cortex portion of the adrenal gland leads to overproduction of aldosterone.
Surgical removal of adrenal glands is advised for patients with tumors detected in the adrenal glands. The procedure may be performed as an open surgery or using a laparoscopic approach.
Why Laparoscopic surgery over open surgery?
Laparoscopic surgery is less painful and has fewer complications as the abdominal muscles are not cut. The recovery is faster and the patients are mobile within a few hours after the surgery and may be discharged on the same day of the surgery. The cosmetic results are excellent as compared to an open surgery.